Children who are not drug addicts or have symptoms of a disorder can still fail to grow into contributing, successful adults without changes in their development. There is a growing number of scientific-based research to support youth development programs. Research shows prevention programs must consist of these six characteristics; uses a research-based framework, caters to age, culture and longevity, teaches emotional skills and ethics, maintains safe environment, contains skilled staff, and continuous assessment of the needs of the community.
American Psychological Association
Weissberg, Roger. P., & Kumpfer, K., Seligman, M. (eds.) (2003). American Psychologist, 58, p. 425-432